Economics is essential to modern life, because it seeks to understand, assess and explain the mechanisms of markets and national economies.

The Economics major builds problem-solving skills that are applicable to careers in business and government. It will teach you how to analyse and interpret data and equip you with the tools to find smart solutions for the numerous problems confronting governments and the commercial world.

Three areas of study are available within the main discipline: microeconomics, macroeconomics and econometrics, and quantitative methods.

Economics is offered as a major in the Bachelor of Arts and the Bachelor of Commerce at Melbourne. Applicants must have completed VCE Units 3 and 4 Mathematical Methods or equivalent.


Graduates with an Economics major are well placed for a career in the following areas:

  • Economic consulting and political analysis
  • Government roles
  • Human resources
  • Industry associations and trade unions
  • Management and consultancy
  • Marketing and communications
  • Merchant and trading banks, investment firms, stockbroking and insurance companies
  • Project management
  • Transport, communications, mining, retail, manufacturing.


Subjects you could take in this major

  • An introduction to macroeconomic theory and policy. Topics will include economic aggregates such as production and employment, the general level of prices and inflation, the exchange rate, interest rates, monetary and fiscal policies, the balance of payments and economic growth. Analysis is particularly directed to current macroeconomic problems and policy issues.

  • This subject is an introduction to microeconomic theory and policy. Topics include the theory of perfectly competitive markets, welfare analysis and the role of government in the economy, theory of the firm (production and costs), game theory, and effects of market structure on resource allocation.

  • This subject covers the core concepts which underpin quantitative decision analysis in the various specialisations within the faculty. It provides a foundation for all second-year quantitative subjects in the commerce degree. The topics covered are drawn from financial mathematics; measures of location and dispersion; probability, random variables and expected values; sampling design; estimation and testing using the normal and t-distribution; and simple regression and correlation. Excel is used to illustrate applications in accounting, economics, finance, management and marketing.

  • Intermediate macroeconomic analysis develops the tools, skills and knowledge base necessary to operate as a practicing macroeconomist. These may include: models of long run economic growth; an assessment of the evidence on economic growth and its implications; the flexible-price macroeconomic model in which markets continuously clear; an assessment of the evidence regarding whether prices and wages are flexible or sticky; the sticky price macroeconomic model in which markets do not always clear; assessment of the flexible and sticky price models; the analysis of macroeconomic policy making.

  • This subject examines the development of the microeconomic theory of the behaviour of economic agents and how the behaviour of economic agents and government influence the efficiency of the economy. Topics include perfect competition, general equilibrium, market power, intertemporal decision making, decision making under uncertainty and imperfect information.

  • Topics include review of statistics; F and X 2 distributions; review of simple linear regression model; multiple linear regression model; hypothesis testing, forecasting, diagnostics with regression models (including heteroskedasticity, serial correlation and model specification). Examples drawn from economics, finance, accounting, marketing and management will be illustrated using EVIEWs.

  • This subject provides students with background mathematical and statistical skills necessary for solving a wide range of commerce problems. It draws heavily on examples from accounting, management and marketing and, to a lesser extent, economics and finance. Topics include: review of statistics; tests of the location of populations; simple and multiple regression for use with time series and cross section data, including interpretation of estimates, hypothesis testing and forecasting, an introduction to diagnostics; Logit models; an introduction to time series methods; and seasonality.

  • This subject examines multiple regression analysis and its use in economics, management, finance, accounting and marketing. Topics will include the properties of estimators, hypothesis testing, specification error, multicollinearity, dummy variables, heteroskedasticity, serial correlation. Empirical assignments undertaken by the student form an integral part of the subject.

  • Extensions of the multiple regression model are examined. Topics include non-linear least squares, maximum likelihood estimation and related testing procedures, generalised least squares, heteroskedasticity, autocorrelation and models with stochastic regressors. Limited dependent variable and panel data models and issues involving time-series data are introduced. Theoretical concepts are illustrated by applied examples. The computer software used is Eviews.

  • This subject is an introduction to advanced study of macroeconomics. An integrated theoretical framework – a simple life cycle model – is used to explore the central issues of macroeconomics. Major topics to be covered include: income determination and economic growth, economic fluctuations and business cycle, fiscal and monetary policy, open economy and international trade.

  • The objectives of the subject are to introduce new techniques of microeconomic analysis; and to study applications of microeconomic theory to a range of situations involving behaviour of consumers and firms, and market interaction. Topics include game theory and oligopoly, economics of information, behaviour under uncertainty and general equilibrium analysis.

Entry requirements & Prerequisites

This major is available through more than one course, both of which have their own separate entry requirements.

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Bachelor of Arts&Bachelor of Arts Extended&Bachelor of Commerce